Textile Processing Machinery:
The first major use of machines in the textile industry was seen during the industrial revolution when equipment like water frames, flying shuttles, power looms and the spinning jenny came into use. With time, improved machines started being used for sewing, spinning, knitting, and weaving.
Nowadays, the production of textiles involves many processes such as preparatory processes, desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, printing, and finishing. Due to the use of textile processing machinery, it has become easy to carry out these lengthy processes in a shorter period of time thus saving time, reducing labour cost and efforts.
Different Types of Textile Machines
Most of the industrial processes nowadays are automated, and so is the textile industry. In the textile industry, natural or synthetic fibre is subjected to various processes to make threads, yarn and lastly a fine textile for a wide range of end products. Various types of textile processing machinery are widely being used for fabrication of both woven and non-woven textiles.
The machines used for manufacturing of quality fabric are broadly categorized into two groups namely textile processing and textile working machines.
Following are a few types of machinery that are being used in the industry:
1. Fibre-fabric machinery:
The basic function of machines falling under this group is to convert fibre into fabric. This group includes machines like carding and combing machinery, cleaning, and opening machines, drawing and rowing machines, yarn winding machinery, spinning-twisting frames, and other fibre to fabric equipment.
2. Fabric machinery:
These machines basically work on the fabric and include machinery like knitting machines, weaving machines, and other textile machinery.
3. Other machinery:
Apart from these basic textile machines, there are other machines that perform functions like dyeing, printing, mercerizing and bleaching and are used to improve the quality of the fabric and provide finishing.
Leading textiles machine manufacturers have made their products available in the market along with their spare parts to serve the increasing demands of the textile industry.